Why Do We Celebrate Republic Day on January 26th?

republic day

Why do we celebrate Republic Day? Still a question for many Indians. Can’t say if this is a shame or lack of knowledge but really because we are not interested to know. You might have seen a video that has gone viral on social media where educated youth were asked a question about Indian Republic Day but no one could answer it correctly, instead they gave silly replies. Leaving the youth aside, most of the people who were elected by us as representatives even don’t know why are we celebrating Republic Day. On other part few are still confused between Independence and Republic Days.

Okay, no problem. I appreciate you for being here and reading this to know about our Republic Day. I guess that you might have already known about Republic Day before or you are interested to know about it right now.

After Independence on August 15th 1947, Indian government was still following the rules, procedures, acts which were imposed by the British Government in India. Even though India was an independent nation after 15th Aug of 1947, it took more than 2 years to form a complete democratic and republic nation.

The Constitution of India which was prepared by the drafting committee headed by BR Ambedkar, has been formed by November 26, 1949 and was approved on December 9, but came into existence on 26th of January in 1950 replacing the Government of India Act 1935. The Constitution took into shape after considering various factors such as religions, regions, culture and communities forming a sovereign democratic republic nation.

Why 26th January?

This date had a significance bound to the sentiments of Indian leaders at that time. On December 31, 1929 Nehru called for “Purna Swaraj” and set a date as 26th January 1930 to attain complete independence by that date. Then the day was celebrated as “Purna Swaraj” for next 17years and later India got independence on 15 August 1947. However, Indian constitution was enforced on 26th January 1950 as it was considered necessary to be celebrated on that day because of the significance it has and is connected with the national pride. After the enforcement of new constitution India has been celebrating 26th of January as Republic Day raising itself from an independent nation to a modern republic by a completely functioning constitution.



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